Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru is a big name in Indian history. His nationalism and ideas helped India to get its independence and to develop after getting independence from the British. Pandit Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and his foreign policy, development ideas created a strong base for today’s India. We usually talk a lot about his post-independence work but we don’t know much about his pre-independence works.
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s role in the freedom struggle of India has not received as much attention as it deserves. The reason behind this negligence is the work that he did for India post independence, which got more reorganization than his contribution in the freedom struggle.
Here in this article, we will talk about the contribution of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru to the freedom struggle of India.
The contribution of Pt. Nehru to the freedom struggle of India
Pandit Nehru completed his most of education in foreign countries. He went to Harrow school and Cambridge University and he also spent some time in London. During his stay in London, he got attracted towards nationalism and liberalism. Within a few months of his return to India, he participated in the annual session of Indian National Congress Patna 1912. But he joined that in 1919, after the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre. Since then he became an active leader in the freedom struggle of India.
Being a true follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he had actively participated in all the movements that Mahatma Gandhi initiated against the British government. Here are just a few works that Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru did for the freedom of India.
Complete Independence Declaration
Pandit Nehru along with Subhas Chandra Bose brought the idea of Complete Independence Declaration or Purn Swaraj on 19th December 1929. Congress was in the favor of just dominion status within the British Empire but Mr. Nehru and few other leaders like Mr. Bose wanted full independence. However, Pandit Nehru didn’t oppose the idea of dominion status due to less support from the other leaders on national Congress.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru went to Belgium in 1927 to represent India through the Indian National Congress in a meeting called co-ordinate and plan a common struggle against imperialism. There he talked about India and Indian’s condition under the British Government. The result of his this work was very much visible at that time. India received the sympathy of many countries and this put a moral pressure on British. With a leader like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India is now able to show its condition on an international forum.
President of Congress
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the president of Congress in 1930. It was the same year when Mahatma Gandhi initiated the famous Dandi March. At that time Pandit Nehru was also arrested because of the violation of Salt Law. In 1936, again Pandit Nehru got elected as the President of Congress because of his ideology.
Under his leadership in 1937, Indian National Congress contested in 1937 Provincial elections and won 8 provinces in total and lost just 2 to other parties. The leadership of Pandit Nehru was the key player in this massive win.
The Countless Sacrifices
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru went to jail many times during India’s freedom struggle. He spent around 9 years in Jail during different spans of his stay in Jail. During these years he couldn’t take care of his daughter Indira.
He belonged to a wealthy family but during the freedom struggle of India, his family lost a huge amount of wealth. The Nehru family also donated their bungalow named Swaraj Bhavan in New Delhi to Congress party, so that party could have a formal headquarter.
It’s not easy to write about the contribution of an Indian leader like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to the freedom struggle of India. You cannot bound their works and sacrifices in words. But to conclude the contribution of Jawaharlal Nehru to the freedom struggle of India, we can say that he is an unforgettable leader in both of the phases of India; pre and post freedom.