African Americans have been discriminated against because of their color. According to the 1964’s Civil Rights Acts, it met the marchers’ demand to have equal access to public accommodations. However, before it could be implemented, it took several years and especially for people who lived in the South. They did fully comply with this act’s requirements according to a report by Weta.
Points covered are:
- What says the report of EPI?
- How Right to Serve Black People was Established
- What Smithsonian report says?
- What Blackthen reported?
- Report from The New York Times says
- According to the Civil Rights Division
- Racism Reported for African Americans
Whats says the Report of EPI ?
According to EPI’s report, 50 years later after the March in Washington, there was no full achievement for the hard economic goals. It had not helped transform the lives and opportunities of the African Americans but after all, black lives matter. In other papers of EPI’s, it is documented that there is Unfinished March series from the demands of adequate and integrated education, a national minimum wage which should be over $13 in an hour, federal jobs programs with full employment, and decent housing.
As people continue to march for the above goals, one had to recognize instructive rights. So, everyone is entitled to better accommodation, movement, food, education, and more as EPI argues.
How Right to Serve Black People was Established
- There was a restaurant called Thompson Restaurant. It was famous for serving cheap food and fast services. It served various types of meals from cold salmon sandwiches to smoked boiled tongues. Currently, there is nothing that can show evidence of the existence of this popular restaurant since the 1950s. Where it use to be located, it has been filled with a CVs drug store.
- Its establishment did fade because of black lives matter. That is after the Supreme Court in 1953 that ended to lunch counter degradation a year before Plessy Ferguson was released.
What Smithsonian report says?
It all started on February 28, 1950, according to Smithsonian report where an 86-year-old Terrell did invite her friends Essie Thompson, David Scull, and Reverend Arthur to lunch at Thompsons. In the group, the only white person there was Scull. The four did enter the establishment, picked their trays, and went to the counter line. During that time, the manager did tell them that their policy does not allow serving them. So, they did want to know the reason as to why they could not be served in that cafeteria. But, it was about their policy where they were not allowed to serve the African Americans.
That is how the group did leave without having their lunch. Although, that ill-fated lunch was no accident. Terrell, who was the chairwoman of the CCE of Columbia Anti-Discrimination Laws did a set up that forced the courts on ruling the two. They wanted to demand all public eating places and restaurants in Washington to serve all well-mannered people regardless of their race or skin color. In a period of three years, there was a legal battle that did take that case to America’s highest court according to the Smithsonia report.
What Blackthen reported?
Blackthen did report that on 8th June 1953, it was when the US supreme court did order the desegregation of all restaurants in Washington D.C. It was a decision that was based on the District of Columbia laws validity of 1872 and 1873. These rulings were based on the laws. However, the problem was that the decision didn’t address the constitutionality issue of the predominant racial segregation.
During that time, Thompson’s case did arrive the moment when the Supreme Court had failed in coalesce internally on how they should resolve the four companion cases. That was including Washington’s segregated schools.
Report from The New York Times says
A report from The New York Times also says that the Denny restaurant chain was charged more than $54 million. That was to settle lawsuits filed by many black customers because they were forced to pay more, wait longer, and had been denied services like the white customers.
According to the Civil Rights Division
- According to the Civil Rights Division, these laws to end segregation in restaurants were adopted many years ago. The actions were filed because of the black customers after they asserted that Denny’s had violated their civil rights after being treated rudely. However, they did give preferential treatment to the whites.
- It did show that Washington, D.C. was still asleep until the 1960s because the racial segregation cases were prevalent. It is fortunate that the desegregation process ensured in contexts in 1953 that continued until the 1960s.
Racism Reported for African Americans
- Many racism for African Americans were reporters. For example, in earlier times, according to Blacketh, in 1943 and 1944 during the sit-ins, the African-American students who studied at Howard University did protest because of rampant segregation of restaurants in Washington, D.C. However, these protests did precede the later 1960 sit-ins that triggered nationwide to be against segregations.
- When the Thompson’s and District of Columbia case was on progress, it was after president Dwight vowed at his “state of the union” to end the widespread segregation. That is how Terell’s legal battle did start on 25th January 1950 after they were not served in the restaurant. Terrell had lived Washington, D.C. for more than six decades. So, she had been aware of segregation.
- The court did support Terrell according to the legal ramifications recorded in 1872 to 1873 Acts. This case did transport the growing racial tension that was happening in the national capital. Even in Washington, D.C., the black people had become tired because of the unfair treatment that was taking place regarding the businesses, housing, education, and more. However, after a long struggle claiming black lives matter, the change came through the courts. So, it was announced that Thompson’s Cafeteria policies were illegal and were a huge victory for the black community in America.
The Final Verdict
In the United States, segregation did exist. Some places such as department stores, schools, businesses, and movie theaters were usually separated by race. That is why most restaurants did deny services to black people. Some of these places did relegate them in counters where they did have to stand. Nevertheless, all the discrimination against black Americans did end on 8th June 1953. The Supreme Court did rule unanimously favoring Terrell that is after finding that the old provisions banned racial discrimination of African Americans in public areas such as restaurants, social halls, businesses, and more. That is because of black lives matter!