In India a graduate degree is required before studying law. Before enrolling in a L.L.B course, a student is required to complete his graduation. There is an alternative five year integrated course which has gained popularity in the recent times. After completing their course, law students have plenty of options when it comes to getting a secure and high-paying job. The law graduates have the option of practicing in a court of law or to join a legal firm and start taking cases. Other than these, there are also quite some well-paying employment prospects with the government.
The most common and sought out for government job for Indian law graduates is the position in the Judicial services. Different states of the country have their own different procedures and rules for selection of candidates for different positions. Except for the Indian High Courts and Supreme Court, which demand some relevant experience before applying, the other smaller courts simply conduct examinations for selection of candidates for various positions. The only prerequisite for giving the judge selection exam is that the aspirant needs a legal degree. Judiciary jobs are very comfortable and high paying. The judges don’t have to work long hours and are generally free from interference in their work. Different states conduct their own Judicial service examinations to select applicants for different posts, hence the difficulty level also varies. There are some eligibility criteria that have to be met before giving the Judicial service exams. The candidates need to have a valid law degree from any accredited university of India. Additionally some states require the candidates to practice in a court of law for a few years before applying for the Judicial service. Though the details vary slightly for different states, generally the exam consists of three stages. First stage includes a preliminary test that consists of multiple choice questions, followed by second stage which includes a subjective main examination. Those candidates who clear these two stages, are then subjected to a personality examination, upon clearing which they are then appointed as judges and magistrates.
Other than the Judicial services there are plenty of other lucrative jobs in the Indian government sector for the law graduates. Indian Oil selects its law officers through the post graduate version of the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). National Thermal Power Commission recruits law graduates too in the capacity of law officers. Similarly ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited) also employs legal advisers. Generally aspirants with a five year integrated law degree are preferred over simple law graduates. Most of the public sector organisations select employees on the basis of their results in the post graduate Common Law Admission Test.
Generally all the bigger government organisations have a dedicated legal department and the employees of this department are selected from among law graduates. Legal jobs in the government sector are quite attractive because apart from the substantial pay, employees also receive additional benefits entitled to them as central government workers.
The Indian government also employs law graduates in the capacity of public prosecutors. The public prosecutors are lawyers who argue on behalf of the government in a court of law. They are responsible for prosecuting accused citizens and play a pivotal role in maintaining the legal balance of the country.