India achieved its Independence because of the efforts of a number of revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil, Sukhdev, Chandra Shekar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Rajguru. Revolutionaries are people who work to bring change in an existing system. During the Indian freedom struggle, many revolutionaries died fighting for the freedom of their motherland “Hindustan.“ But with the passage of time, their names have been lost somewhere in the summons of Indian history. Listed below are three notable revolutionaries of Indian freedom struggle.
1. Bhagat Singh
Born: September 27, 1907 Died on: March 23, 1931
He is the perfect definition of heroism for the Indian youth. He gave a new way to Indian revolutionary movement by organizing “Naujavan Bharat Sabha” to encourage people to join freedom struggle. The Naujavan Bharat Sabha aimed to spread Indian freedom struggle’s message in Punjab. He also reorganized and renamed “Hindustan Republic Association” as “Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha.”
Bhagat Singh with fellow revolutionary Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs in the Central Assembly on April 8, 1929, when the Assembly was in session. After throwing the bombs, both Batukeshwar Dutt and Bhagat Singh, courted arrest by refuting to run. Bhagat Singh went on hunger strike in jail to protest the inhuman treatment of fellow prisoners by British police. Bhagat Singh, along with Sukhdev and Rajguru were given death sentence on October 7, 1930. Bhagat Singh and his companions were hanged to death on March 23, 1931.
2. Chandrashekhar Azad
Born: July 23, 1906 Died on: February 27, 1931
He was born as Chandrashekhar Tiwari, and later adopted the surname Azad. He has been considered as one of the greatest revolutionaries of the Indian freedom struggle. His ferocious patriotism inspired fellow citizens to enter the freedom struggle.
He was intensely distressed by the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. So, joined Non-Cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. Chandrashekhar Azad declared that British police would never be able to arrest him alive, and he would die as a free man.
Azad was attracted towards aggressive revolutionary ideas after the suspension of Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement. Azad was involved in 1926 Kakori Train Robbery, attempt to blow up the Viceroy’s train in 1926, 1928 shooting of Saunders at Lahore for taking revenge of revolutionary Lala Lajpatrai’s death. He also formed Hindustan Socialist Republican Association with fellow revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev.
Chandrashekhar Azad threatened the British police in every possible way. British police wanted him badly, dead or alive. On February 27, 1931, Azad was betrayed by an informer, who informed British Police about his meeting with the two of his associates at the Alfred Park Allahabad. Surrounded by British police, Azad fought alone and seeing no chances of escape, he shot himself. Thus, he kept his pledge alive and died as a free man.
3. Ram Prasad Bismil
Born In: June 11, 1897 Died on: December 19, 1927
Ram Prasad Bismil became popular revolutionary of Indian freedom struggle, after his involvement in the Kakori train robbery on August 9, 1925 in Lucknow. He has been known for his fearlessness and courageous attitude. It is said that many of his poems inspired people to entry Indian freedom struggle. One of the most heard Hindi poem “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna” is penned by Bismil.
Ram Prasad Bismil joined the Hindustan Republican Association, where he came to know nine other freedom fighters including Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajguru, Sukhdev, and Ashfaqulla Khan. The Kakori incident has been known as the mastermind of Ashfaqullah and Ram Prasad Bismil.
Ram Prasad Bismil was hanged to death on December 19, 1927, after being named guilty in the Kakori robbery plan.