Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj: The founder of Maratha Kingdom


India narrates stories of several rulers back in the history who was not just determined by their reign but brave and had their deeds made them enter the good books of their progeny. One of the rulers was Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He was a Maratha king and was one of the rulers who wanted to throw away from the Mughal Empire completely from India.

Shivaji Bhonsle was the real name of Shivaji Maharaj. People often consider that he had got his name after Lord Shiva, however, his mother named him after the regional goddess Shivai. She had prayed for a son before the Goddess and was blessed with Shivaji. Also, he was given the stature of God not just because of his name but his deeds.

Chhatrapati, which means “Rulers of Kshatriyas” was entitled upon his name by his subjects because of his bravery and ability to protect them from the outer threats. Shivaji was born on 19th February 1680 in Shivneri Fort to Maratha regent Shahaji Raje and mother Jijabai. Shivaji was just 16 years old when he seized the Torna Fort, then there was no looking back. His bravery and thoughts to rule over India were not to establish his control but following the teachings were given by his mother, Jijabai and struggles of his father made Shivaji become a great warrior to protect his motherland.

Battle of Pratapgarh, which Shivaji fought against the Mughal Afzal Khan. It was during this battle that got limelight to Shivaji. His skills, planning, and immediate attacks were so brave and instant that after winning this battle Shivaji was known to be the bravest Maratha ruler India ever had.

Along with bravery, Shivaji treated his subjects well. He provided justice to all.

During his reign, the women were given all the respect. If anyone was caught treating women violating the women’s right was punished.

Yet again Shivaji showed his bravery and guerrilla tactics when he came face to face with Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb tried to capture all the forts that came under the rule of Shivaji, however, failed. There was a pause in the success of Shivaji due to the Hindu General Jai Singh sent by the emperor. Shivaji then decided to negotiate with Aurangzeb and it is said that Shivaji escaped from Agra and then was captured by Aurangzeb. However, Shivaji came back and with his clever tricks overthrow the ruling power and was successful in fighting against the Mughals.

Chhatrapati Shivaji’s reign was a brave and powerful ruler who not just focused on winning battles but took care of his subjects as well. It was Shivaji who set a naval force. He understood the importance of Navy in the army and therefore, stood a force of naval officers along the coastlines.

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