Women have strived for long for ‘Gender Equality’ and still, they are struggling to get it. No matter if it’s professional or social, women has to cross many hurdles to prove their ability. To honor the struggle and achievements of women, 8th March is observed as the International Women’s Day.
If we talk about the status of women in Indian society then we will have to agree that women and men are not considered as equal. Although the Indian constitution considers both men and women as equal and gives them equal rights. But male dominating Indian society still finds it difficult to consider women as equal to men.
To end this gender discrimination and to uplift the status of women in society the Indian government has initiated many schemes. Women Empowerment is the focal point of the Indian Government. In order to empower the women of India, the central government has launched many schemes. On the occasion of women’s day, let’s know about the initiative that the Indian government has taken to empower the women of India.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
This scheme was launched in 2015 from Panipat, Haryana. This scheme was launched aimed at eradication of female foeticide and raising awareness on the education of girl child. In India, a social stigma is attached to the birth of a girl child.
Many people from Indian rural areas don’t allow their girls to go out to study. With this scheme, the government tried educating those people that education of their girl is the key to the survival of their girl child. The main aim of this scheme is to address the child sex ratio and lack of education among girls.
To strengthen the wings of Indian Women Entrepreneurs, Ministry of Women and Child development launched a direct online marketing platform named ‘Mahila E-Hatt. This bilingual online platform supports the women entrepreneurs as well as the “Make in India” campaign.
Mahila E-haat was launched on March 7, 2016, by Ministry of Women and Child Development. The aim of Mahila E-haat is to support and encourage the creativity of women by providing them a marketing platform to sell their products.
The aim of Ujjawala Yojna is to provide the LPG connections to BPL households in the country. It’s an ambitious social welfare scheme. The aim of this scheme is to replace unclean cooking fuels with LPG.
This scheme was launched on 1st May 2016 from Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. The objective of this scheme is to prevent children and women from acute respiratory illnesses caused by burning fossil fuel. Women who are in the Below Poverty Line and more than 18 years old can apply for this scheme to get a gas connection.
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
PMMVY is a Maternity Benefit Programme which is implemented in all the districts of India. In India every third woman is undernourished and every second woman is anemic. An undernourished mother gives birth to a weak and low birth weight child. So to keep a pregnant lady healthy, this scheme was launched. Earlier this scheme was named as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) but in 2016 it was re-designed and named as Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY).
The objective of this scheme is to provide cash benefits of Rs 5000 in three installments to the pregnant lady so she could have the nutritious meal. All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers can get benefited from this scheme.
One Stop Centre Scheme
The One Stop Centre Scheme was launched in 2015. This scheme was funded with the Nirbhaya Fund. This scheme was aimed to provide all the legal and medical help and support to women affected with any kind of violence. One Stop Centre established by the Government of India through the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD).
Any woman or girl belonging to any age group can get any assistance at the One Stop Centre (OSC). Here women get access to counseling and, psychological help by the central government. In the first phase of OSC, 150 centers were opened and the government has proposed to open over 650 OSC for women.
Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme
To support the working mothers the Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme was initiated by the central government. This scheme was launched in 2012 and revamped in 2016. The objective of this scheme is to provide a nursery to the babies while their parents are on work.
Many women worker leave their job during pregnancy or after the birth of their kid. To motivate working women, this scheme was launched.
In our country, women face lots of gender-based discrimination that’s why the government has to bring new schemes to uplift them. But it’s not only the government’s work to help the female Indian citizen to be educated and self-independent. As a citizen of the country, we all need to understand that the women are equally capable and are no less then men.