List of Presidents, Vice Presidents, and First Lady of United States

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List of US presidents, VPs & 1st lady

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Can you name the topmost three positions in the US government? Of course, they are the President, Vice-President and the First Lady. Are you aware who is the currently serving member for these important political positions? What about the ex-POTUS, ex-VPOTUS, and the ex-FLOTUS? These terms may seem strange but they are simply the abbreviations of these topmost three positions. To provide you data about these leaders, we have compiled the complete list of US Presidents, Vice-Presidents and First Ladies. Before moving onto that, you can also find the job roles and election process for these three political positions. In the end, we have also mentioned some major and minor political parties of the United States.

So, without any delay, let us start our reading adventure!

What is The Role of The President of US?

  • The President of the US is the topmost leader of the country. He is the head of the state, head of government and also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.
  • The President of US has the power to accept or reject a bill passed by Congress. Overriding the bill is a little difficult as it requires two-thirds of the vote from both the houses.
  • He can also sign treaties and carry out negotiations with other countries without the intervention of the Senate. Further, the US President also has executive powers. He may also grant pardons for federal crimes except impeachment.
  • The US President can also make appointments for several chief positions or offices like the ambassadors, Supreme Court members, cabinet secretaries etc. The appointments made by the US President and the passage of a bill needs to be approved by the Senate in order to considered valid.
  • The President may also exercise executive privileges by concealing diplomatic or military secrets from Congress and courts.
  • The incumbent 46th President of the United States or POTUS is Joe Biden who assumed office on January 20, 2021.

How is the President of US-appointed?

  • The President of US is elected as per the rules mentioned in the US Constitution. He is appointed through the Electoral College. The Electoral College in US is a body formed every four years comprising of presidential electors elected by the State and the District of Columbia.
  • The presidential candidates must be equal in number to the total number of Senators and Representatives in Congress.
  • The tenure of the US President lasts four years that is renewable once. If the President dies or is impeached, the Vice-President will then take over the position.

What is The Role of The Vice President of US?

  • The Vice-Presidents of US are second in power to the Presidents of the United States. They preside over the Senate proceedings and may not be entitled to vote except in situations that demand it like breaking a tie.
  • After the presidential elections has been contested, the Vice-President certifies the tally of the votes of the Electoral College. In case the US President is not able to make public appearances or cannot perform ceremonial duties, the Vice-President takes over.
  • They are also responsible for meeting with national leaders or governments.
  • The Vice-President of US assists the President in numerous ways by serving as an advisor, representative and governing partner. They also play a crucial role concerning matters of national security.
  • The incumbent 49th Vice President of US is Kamala D. Harris. She is also referred as VPOTUS which means Vice President Of The United States.

How is the Vice President of US appointed?

The Vice President of US is also appointed through the Electoral College. The members of the Electoral College is appointed by voters from each state. The vice-presidential candidates are appointed alongside the presidential candidates. The tenure of the Vice-President of US runs for four years.

What is The Role of The First Lady of US?

  • The First Lady of the United States is the hostess of the White House and the wife of the current President of the United States. She continues to hold the title of the “First Lady” as long as the President remains in power.
  • The title was first introduced when George Washington was the US President and Martha Washington was his wife.
  • The importance of the position slowly evolved with time. The role of the First Lady encompasses involvement in political campaigns, managing White House, supporting and uplifting social causes and representing the President at ceremonial occasions.
  • Some of the First Ladies are even public speakers.

How is the First Lady of the US appointed?

  • The First Lady of the US is not appointed or elected. She assumes the position when the President of the country takes the presidential oath. In case, the US President is a bachelor or is widowed, the position of the First Lady is transferred to one of his relatives.
  • No one can say for sure what will the spouse of an elected female President be referred as.
  • The incumbent First Lady of US is Jill Biden. She is referred to as FLOTUS or “First Lady Of The United States”.

Chronological List of Presidents, First Ladies and Vice-Presidents of US

YEAR PRESIDENT FIRST LADY VICE PRESIDENT
1789-1797 George Washington Martha Washington John Adams
1797-1801 John Adams Abigail Adams Thomas Jefferson
1801-1805 Thomas Jefferson [Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson
died before Jefferson assumed office;
no image of her in P&P collections]
Aaron Burr
1805-1809 Thomas Jefferson see above George Clinton
1809-1812 James Madison Dolley Madison George Clinton
1812-1813 James Madison Dolley Madison office vacant
1813-1814 James Madison Dolley Madison Elbridge Gerry
1814-1817 James Madison Dolley Madison office vacant
1817-1825 James Monroe Elizabeth Kortright Monroe
(no image)
Daniel D. Tompkins
1825-1829 John Quincy Adams Louisa Catherine Adams John C. Calhoun
1829-1832 Andrew Jackson Rachel Jackson [Rachel Donelson Jackson died before Jackson assumed office and did not serve as first lady] John C. Calhoun
1833-1837 Andrew Jackson Rachel Jackson [Rachel Donelson Jackson died before Jackson assumed office and did not serve as first lady] Martin Van Buren
1837-1841 Martin Van Buren Hannah Hoes Van Buren Richard M. Johnson
1841 William Henry Harrison Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison John Tyler
1841-1845 John Tyler Letitia Christian Tyler and
Julia Gardiner Tyler (no images)
office vacant
1845-1849 James K. Polk Sarah Childress Polk George M. Dallas
1849-1850 Zachary Taylor Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor
(no image)
Millard Fillmore
1850-1853 Millard Fillmore Abigail Powers Fillmore office vacant
1853 Franklin Pierce Jane M. Pierce William R. King
1853-1857 Franklin Pierce Jane M. Pierce office vacant
1857-1861 James Buchanan (Never married) John C. Breckinridge
1861-1865 Abraham Lincoln Mary Todd Lincoln Hannibal Hamlin
1865 Abraham Lincoln Mary Todd Lincoln Andrew Johnson
1865-1869 Andrew Johnson Eliza McCardle Johnson office vacant
1869-1873 Ulysses S. Grant Julia Dent Grant Schuyler Colfax
1873-1875 Ulysses S. Grant Julia Dent Grant Henry Wilson
1875-1877 Ulysses S. Grant Julia Dent Grant office vacant
1877-1881 Rutherford Birchard Hayes Lucy Webb Hayes William A. Wheeler
1881 James A. Garfield Lucretia Rudolph Garfield Chester A. Arthur
1881-1885 Chester A. Arthur Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur office vacant
1885 Grover Cleveland Frances Folsom Cleveland Thomas A. Hendricks
1885-1889 Grover Cleveland Frances Folsom Cleveland office vacant
1889-1893 Benjamin Harrison Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison
Mary Lord Harrison
[Harrison’s second wife,
but never a first lady]
Levi P. Morton
1893-1897 Grover Cleveland Frances Folsom Cleveland Adlai E. Stevenson
1897-1899 William McKinley Ida Saxton McKinley Garret A. Hobart
1899-1901 William McKinley Ida Saxton McKinley office vacant
1901 William McKinley Ida Saxton McKinley Theodore Roosevelt
1901-1905 Theodore Roosevelt Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt office vacant
1905-1909 Theodore Roosevelt Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt Charles W. Fairbanks
1909-1912 William H. Taft Helen Herron Taft James S. Sherman
1912-1913 William H. Taft Helen Herron Taft office vacant
1913-1921 Woodrow Wilson Ellen Axson Wilson and
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Thomas R. Marshall
1921-1923 Warren G. Harding Florence Kling Harding Calvin Coolidge
1923-1925 Calvin Coolidge Grace Goodhue Coolidge office vacant
1925-1929 Calvin Coolidge Grace Goodhue Coolidge Charles G. Dawes
1929-1933 Herbert Hoover Lou Henry Hoover Charles Curtis
1933-1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt John N. Garner
1941-1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt Henry A. Wallace
1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt Harry S. Truman
1945-1949 Harry S. Truman Bess Wallace Truman office vacant
1949-1953 Harry S. Truman Bess Wallace Truman Barkley, Alben W.
1953-1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower Mamie Doud Eisenhower Richard M. Nixon
1961-1963 John F. Kennedy Jacqueline Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson
1963-1965 Lyndon B. Johnson Lady Bird Johnson office vacant
1965-1969 Lyndon B. Johnson Lady Bird Johnson Hubert H. Humphrey
1969-1973 Richard M. Nixon Pat Nixon Spiro T. Agnew
1973-1974 Richard M. Nixon Pat Nixon Gerald R. Ford
1974-1977 Gerald R. Ford Betty Ford Nelson Rockefeller
1977-1981 Jimmy Carter Rosalynn Carter Walter F. Mondale
1981-1989 Ronald Reagan Nancy Reagan George Bush
1989-1993 George Bush Barbara Bush Dan Quayle
1993-2001 Bill Clinton Hillary Rodham Clinton Albert Gore
2001-2009 George W. Bush Laura Bush Richard Cheney
2009-2017 Barack Obama Michelle Obama Joseph R. Biden
2017-2021 Donald J. Trump Melania Trump Mike Pence
2021- Joseph R. Biden Jill Biden Kamala Harris

 

List of Major Political Parties in the US

Democratic Party

Democratic party is one of the oldest parties of United States. If we look at the history, the Democratic party was in favour of slavery and opposed civil rights reforms. Eventually the Democratic party championed organized labour and civil rights reforms for minorities. It also opposed intervention by the government in non-economic affairs of the citizens. However, the party supported government intervention in US economy. It is in favour of a federal government structure to federally support the needs of the poor. The Democratic Party of US was a faction of the Republic Party whose leader was Thomas Jefferson (1790s). Currently, the Democratic party is in power through the appointed US President and Vice President. The chairperson of the Democratic party is Jaime Harrison.

Republican Party

The Republican Party, also known as the Grand Old Party (GOP) is a major political rival to the Democratic Party. It was formed in 1854 by activists who opposed slavery and championed reforms for civil rights. The first Republican to win the presidential elections was Abraham Lincoln. The governing organization of the party is Republican National Committee which is focused on fundraising and election strategy. The modern-day party seeks no governmental intervention in capitalism and supports low taxes, lowering borrowing rates, deregulating industries and social conservatism.

The incumbent chairperson of the Republican Party is Ronna McDaniel.

List of Minor Political Parties in the US

Libertarian Party

The Libertarian party calls themselves “The Party of Principle” as they stand firm to their principles of liberty, equal rights and peace. The party believes that the government should not intervene in personal lives and business decisions.

Green Party

Green Party is a minor political party in the US that supports social causes like equality, egalitarianism, environmentalism, non-violence, participatory and grassroots democracy etc. The Green Party also opposes racism, capitalism and war. It was founded in 2001 and is co-chaired by several members like Ahmed Eltouny, Christopher Stella, Rei Stone-Grover, Garret Wasserman etc. The governing body of the Green party is Green National Committee.

Constitution Party

The Constitution party is a minor political party in the US that was formed by Conservative activist Howard Phillips. The party was initially called U.S. Taxpayers’ Party in response to the violation of George H.W. Bush’s pledge- read my lips: no new taxes”. The party supports religious conservative view of the US Constitution. It also championships the formation of important environmental, social, fiscal policies in the country. The incumbent chairman of the Constitution party is Jim Clymer.

Alliance Party

The Alliance Party is a minor political party that was founded on October 14, 2018. The current chairperson of the Alliance Party is Jonathan Etheridge. In 2020, the nominees for President and Vice-president were Rocky De La Fuente and Darcy Richardson respectively. The Alliance Party is affiliated to four political parties like American Party of South Carolina, Independence Party of Connecticut, Independence Party of Minnesota and Reform Party of Florida.

Final Thought!

The List of US Presidents, Vice-presidents and the First Ladies of US is a simple compilation of facts and figures on the leaders and associate-leaders of the country. However, we must not ignore the fact that these serving members had one intention in mind- to work for the holistic development of the United States. US produced incredible Presidents like Franklin D. Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt, Thomas Jefferson etc. Similarly, Vice-Presidents like Lyndon Johnson, Walter Mondale, Theodor Roosevelt were among the best ones. First Ladies like Martha Washington, Dolley Madison, Abigail Filmore not only represented the President in official or ceremonial occasions but also made their own valuable contributions to society.

Can you name any other POTUS, VPOTUS and FLOTUS who impacted the lives of its American citizens? Who is your favourite leader among the incumbent President, Vice-President and First Lady of the US and why? Share with us in the comment section below.

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